A fact or statement used to support a proposition; a reason:
A verbal dispute; a quarrel.
A process of reasoning.
(philosophy, logic) A series of statements organized so that the final statement is a conclusion which is intended to follow logically from the preceding statements, which function as premises.
(mathematics) The independent variable of a function.
(programming) A value, or reference to a value, passed to a function.
(programming) A parameter in a function definition; a formal argument.
(linguistics) Any of the phrases that bears a syntactic connection to the verb of a clause.